Health aspect

HIV Prevalence Rate

According to Mpumalanga Department of Health, the HIV prevalence rate of eMalahleni was measured at 40.7% in 2013 (latest available figure). It is the 9th highest of all the municipal areas in the Province. The HIV prevalence rate remained more or less at the same level between 2012 and 2013.
Since 2014/15 people who tested positive (as proportion of 15-49 yrs population) and 2017/18 were 13,4% and 8.0% respectively. This shows a downward trend. This may or may not be true reflection as this figure shows who volunteered to be tested or those who were pregnant. The total number of people who are on ARV support increased from 21 348 to 32 460 in the same period. Maternal mortality rate also increased slightly between 2014/15 to 2017/18 from 275.5 to 282.6 per 100 000 live births. Death in facility for children less than five years decreased from 13.7 to 10.2 in the same period. However, there was an increase in neonatal mortality rate per 1000 live birth births, from 14.5 to 20.8 from 2014/15 and 2017/18.
There are programmes that deal with HIV/AIDS in the municipality. The municipality hold HIV/AIDS days and condoms distribution programmes for example as part of Mayor’s programmes.

Causes of death

The table below indicates the top ten leading causes of death at eMalahleni. The influenza and pneumonia top leading causes of death and the Inflammatory
Diseases of the Central Nervous System is the lowest
Figure 11: Causes of death Source: Department of Health